I am a CCAD alumni. A Scorpio sun, Libra rising, and a Capricorn moon commissions open for oc art

Last update
2020-06-24 03:04:58

    Writing a character who becomes severely malnourished/dehydrated/sleep-deprived?

    Here’s what you’ll need to know! Learn all about the wonders of the human body and add scientifically-accurate drama to your stories.


  • DEATH: average - 21 days (3 weeks), max ever recorded - 70 days (2.3 months)
  • 6 HOURS: grouchiness and hunger due to lack of glucose.
  • 24 HOURS - 48 HOURS: hunger very apparent; pains in stomach; body has entered ketosis and is using fatty acids as energy.
  • 72 HOURS+: muscles begin to get broken down for energy.
  • You will become: increasingly depressed, irritable, hysteric apathetic; decline in concentration, comprehension and judgement; social isolation and withdrawal; possible self-harm.
  • If your character doesn’t eat for 5 consecutive days, they are at risk of Refeeding Syndrome. This is extremely dangerous and can be fatal.
  • recommended reading:

  • The Minnesota Starvation Experiment
  • Psychology of starvation based on the above experiment.

  • DEATH: average 3 days; some live 8 - 10 days
  • for the calculations: TWV = total water volume in body; average adult loses 2.5 litres of water per day.
  • Assuming that your character does not eat, drink or absorb any moisture.
  • 9 HOURS/2% TWV: thirst, discomfort, dry skin, loss of appetite; 50% loss of performance for athletes; elevated body temperature, rapid heartbeat, fatigue, dizziness when standing, decreased fluid secretion (sweat, urination, tears, etc).
  • 24 HOURS/6% TWV: sleepiness, severe headaches, nausea, tingling in limbs.
  • 36 - 72 HOURS/ 6 - 15% TWV: no urination, seizures, muscle spasms, shriveled skin, fainting, vision dimming, delirium.
  • 72 HOURS+/15% TWV+: Organ failure.
  • recommended reading:

  • dehydration on the psychology wiki.

  • DEATH: not known, but can stay awake for 11 days; max chronic sleep deprivation ever recorded (until death) - 6 months.
  • NOTE: This does not mean you can stay awake for 6 months. It means you can survive that long with chronic sleep deprivation - going days without sleep and then sleeping once or twice.
  • 24 HOURS: mental ability impairment of someone who has blood-alcohol content of 0.10%; everything is worse - emotional control, memory, attention, decision-making, hand-eye coordination.
  • 36 HOURS: hormonal spikes everywhere; losing time; lack of motivation; head buzzing like you’re dehydrated.
  • 48 HOURS: microsleep, regardless of what you’re doing (you fall asleep for 1-30 seconds and then become disorientated);
  • 72 HOURS+: say goodbye to higher mental processes like decision-making and planning. Also, say good bye to saying goodbye because even simple conversations are hard.
  • 80 HOURS+: … and hello, hallucinations!
  • recommended reading:

  • this article of a soldier’s experience with sleep deprivation.
  • Eleven Days Awake; The Experiment.
  • A compilation of stuff I know about drawing Asian faces and Asian culture! I feel like many “How-To-Draw” tutorials often default to European faces and are not really helpful when drawing people of other races. So I thought I’d put this together in case anyone is interested! Feel free to share this guide and shoot me questions if you have any! I’m by no means an expert, I just know a few things from drawing experience and from my own cultural background. 

    How to make a washable cloth mask out of a bandana that is slightly better than just using a bandana.

    (With hand sewing)

    (And no rulers or measuring tape because I couldn't find any in my house)

    You will need:

  • A standard size cotton bandana
  • Pen and paper for measuring
  • Scissors
  • Needle and thread
  • Use a sheet of 8.5x11 paper to measure out a piece of cloth that's 17x8.5 inches (or 16x8 if you wiggle it a bit)
  • That should leave you with 3-ish inches of fabric the full width of the bandana. Cut that bit into 4 strips (you will have about enough leftover fabric to just about make a second mask)
  • Fold the strips in half lengthwise and stitch them flat (everything you do will use a straight stitch)
  • Fold the large piece of fabric in half, tucking the edges opposite the fold inward half an inch.
  • Pin the strips in the corners, pin the edges of the cloth together, sew everything in place.
  • Fold 3 horizontal pleats into the mask and pin them in place.
  • Sew up and down the sides of the mask to fix the pleats in place.
  • To wear the mask rest the top on the bridge of your nose and make sure the bottom is under your chin. Tie the strips closed tightly enough that the mask doesn't slip down when you move your head.

    Wash the mask after wearing it out, use water over 165 Fahrenheit to sanitize it before you wear it again.

    Wash your hands, avoid going out if you can, and this mask is not intended to be perfect protection, just something better than wrapping a scarf around your face for folks who can't get masks and don't have easy access to sewing machines or a lot of fabric.

    Stay safe.

    Do you know of any easily accessible materials that could be used as a substitute to a bandana? Like Jean or flannel?

    I have pre-existing health conditions and don't leave the house much, but if i need to I'd like to have a homemade mask for protection.

    This post is extremely helpful, thankyou.

    Flannel, spare sheets (I'm going to be cutting up some flat sheets, I only ever use fitted anyway), and old pillowcases should all work for this.

    <>Hey if you don’t know how to sew now you do, congrats:

    How to sew a basic straight stitch (this tutorial uses a large needle and embroidery floss for clarity and illustration purposes)

    1 - Measure out a piece of thread about as long as your arm. When you are more skilled you can use longer thread.

    2 - Pass one end of the thread through the eye of the needle.

    3 - Double the thread over so the ends are even

    4 - Pinch the ends of the thread between your thumb and index finger

    5 - Wrap the thread in a loop around your index finger

    6 - Keep the ends pinched between your thumb and index finger and draw your index finger back to roll the loop off of the end of your finger

    7 - Pinch above the loop you’ve pulled off of your finger and pull the long end of the thread tight until you have a knot

    8 - Pass the needle through the back of your fabric and pull until you reach the knot.

    9 - Push the needle through the cloth some distance away from the knot to make one stitch

    10 - Make sure to pull the thread until it is taut and the stitch is flat against your fabric then push the needle through the underside of the fabric and pull taut to make a second stitch. And repeat.

    11 - You can push the needle through the cloth multiple times and pull taut to make several stitches at once - fold the fabric like an accordian and push through; this takes some practice to make even stitches

    12 - Tie off your thread when you have a length of thread left that is only 2-3 times longer than your needle.

    13 - Double back on your most recent stitch and pass the needle through the top of the last stitch.

    14 - Pass the needle through the underside of the fabric to where the thread last exited the cloth

    15 - Pull taut

    16 - Pass the needle through the thread bridge you just pulled taut

    17 - This should make a loop

    18 - Reverse the needle through the loop you just made

    19 - Pull taut and cut the remaining thread away from the knot. (to make it more secure you can do multiple knots like this)

    20 - When you’re finished the knot-side of your fabric should look like this

    21 - And the other side of your fabric should look like this (note that the knots are not visible on the outside of the fabric and the doubled stitch you used to make the final knot simply looks like a thick stitch from the outside)

    <>A helpful list of models for anatomy and other drawing references(x)

    <>Key: (nsfw)Nudity | (£) Not Free

    <>Female Models

  • <>MariaAmanda- Fantasy and fairy themed stock, mostly full body
  • <>Faestock-  Expressions, portraits and poses, many with dresses
  • <>RobynRose- 360 angle lighting and pose sets, including expressions
  • <>Mirish<> - Futuristic and action inspired poses, all full body
  • <>MiraNox- Gothic inspired model including pin-up poses
  • <>ImperialStarlet- Poses with props including weapons 
  • <>PrincessRowena() - Various poses with a fuller figured model
  • <>Liancar-art - Fantasy and medieval inspired poses
  • <>Male Models

  • <>BODYSTOCKS(nsfw) - Basic semi-nude athletic torso references 
  • <>BirdsistersStock- Various everyday poses and portraits
  • <>Mousiestock - A small collection of back anatomy references 
  • <>Justmeina (nsfw) - Nude anatomy reference portraits
  • <>Null-Entity<> - Different poses based on scenarios 
  • <>Anyman82 - Military and vintage themed stock
  • <>Both/Other Models

  • <>SenshiStock - Huge collection of various action and everyday poses 
  • <>Pyjamacake - Standard poses good for character bases
  • <>PhelanDavison<> - Futuristic and high-tech gear with action poses 
  • <>Mjranum-stock(nsfw) - Classical nude portraits, and also action poses
  • <>Auroradreams - Many poses with dresses, and others such as children
  • MajesticStock - A large amount of poses with different body types
  • <>Animals

  • <>HOTNStock - Mammals including large felines and canines
  • <>LuDa-Stock- Equestrian and domestic animals 
  • <>FurLined<> - Large and domestic felines 
  • <>EternalOcean- Mostly wolves along with other various animals  
  • <>Landkeks - All kinds of animals from a zoo
  • <>EdgedFeather<> - Close-ups of a wide range of birds
  • <>Other

  • <>Burtn - Natural landscapes and scenery 
  • <>ProREF ) - Urban and rural places such as abandoned buildings
  • <>Clz - Skulls and other bones
  • <>Please remember to follow the stock owners rules, happy drawing!

    This is an ultimate masterlist of many resources that could be helpful for writers. I apologize in advance for any not working links. Check out the ultimate writing resource masterlist here (x) and my “novel” tag here (x).


    Outlining & Organizing

  • For the Architects: The Planning Process
  • Rough Drafts
  • How do you plan a novel?
  • Plot Development: Climax, Resolution, and Your Main Character
  • Plotting and Planing
  • I Have An Idea for a Novel! Now What?
  • Choosing the Best Outline Method
  • How to Write a Novel: The Snowflake Method
  • Effectively Outlining Your Plot
  • Conflict and Character within Story Structure
  • Outlining Your Plot
  • Ideas, Plots & Using the Premise Sheets

  • Finding story ideas
  • Choosing ideas and endings
  • When a plot isn’t strong enough to make a whole story
  • Writing a story that’s doomed to suck
  • How to Finish What You Start: A Five-Step Plan for Writers
  • Finishing Your Novel
  • Finish Your Novel
  • How to Finish Your Novel when You Want to Quit
  • How To Push Past The Bullshit And Write That Goddamn Novel: A Very Simple No-Fuckery Writing Plan
  • ✑ PLOT

    In General

  • 25 Turns, Pivots and Twists to Complicate Your Story
  • The ABCs (and Ds and Es) of Plot Development
  • Originality Is Overrated
  • How to Create a Plot Outline in Eight Easy Steps
  • Finding Plot: Idea Nets
  • The Story Goal: Your Key to Creating a Solid Plot Structure
  • Make your reader root for your main character
  • Creating Conflict and Sustaining Suspense
  • Tips for Creating a Compelling Plot
  • The Thirty-six (plus one) Dramatic Situations
  • Adding Subplots to a Novel
  • Weaving Subplots into a Novel
  • 7 Ways to Add Subplots to Your Novel
  • Crafting a Successful Romance Subplot
  • How to Improve your Writing: Subplots and Subtext
  • Understanding the Role of Subplots
  • How to Use Subtext in your Writing
  • The Secret Life of Subtext
  • How to Use Subtext
  • Beginning

  • Creating a Process: Getting Your Ideas onto Paper (And into a Story)
  • Why First Chapters?
  • Starting with a Bang
  • In the Beginning
  • The Beginning of your Novel that isn’t the Beginning of your Novel
  • A Beginning from the Middle
  • Starting with a Bang
  • First Chapters: What To Include @ The Beginning Writer
  • 23 Clichés to Avoid When Beginning Your Story
  • Start Writing Now
  • Done Planning. What Now?
  • Continuing Your Long-Format Story
  • How to Start a Novel 
  • 100 best first lines from novels
  • The First Sentence of a Book Report
  • How To Write A Killer First Sentence To Open Your Book
  • How to Write the First Sentence of a Book
  • The Most Important Sentence: How to Write a Killer Opening
  • Hook Your Reader from the First Sentence: How to Write Great Beginnings
  • Foreshadowing

  • Foreshadowing and the Red Hering
  • Narrative Elements: Foreshadowing
  • Foreshadowing and Suspense
  • Foreshadowing Key Details
  • Writing Fiction: Foreshadowing
  • The Literary Device of Foreshadowing
  • All About Foreshadowing in Fiction
  • Foreshadowing
  • Flashbacks and Foreshadowing
  • Foreshadowing — How and Why to Use It In Your Writing
  • Setting

  • Four Ways to Bring Settings to Life
  • Write a Setting for a Book
  • Writing Dynamic Settings
  • How To Make Your Setting a Character
  • Guide for Setting
  • 5 Tips for Writing Better Settings
  • Building a Novel’s Setting
  • Ending

  • A Novel Ending
  • How to End Your Novel
  • How to End Your Novel 2
  • How to End a Novel With a Punch
  • How to End a Novel
  • How to Finish a Novel
  • How to Write The Ending of Your Novel
  • Keys to Great Endings
  • 3 Things That End A Story Well
  • Ending a Novel: Five Things to Avoid
  • Endings that Ruin Your Novel
  • Closing Time: The Ending


  • Behind the Name
  • Surname Meanings and Origins
  • Surname Meanings and Origins - A Free Dictionary of Surnames
  • Common US Surnames & Their Meanings
  • Last Name Meanings & Origins
  • Name Generators
  • Name Playground
  • Different Types of Characters

  • Ways To Describe a Personality
  • Character Traits Meme
  • Types of Characters
  • Types of Characters in Fiction
  • Seven Common Character Types
  • Six Types of Courageous Characters
  • Creating Fictional Characters (Masterlist)
  • Building Fictional Characters
  • Fiction Writer’s Character Chart
  • Character Building Workshop
  • Tips for Characterization
  • Fiction Writer’s Character Chart
  • Advantages, Disadvantages and Skills 
  • Males

  • Strong Male Characters
  • The History and Nature of Man Friendships
  • Friendship for Guys (No Tears!)
  • ‘I Love You, Man’ and the rules of male friendship
  • Male Friendship
  • Understanding Male Friendship
  • Straight male friendship, now with more cuddling
  • Character Development

  • P.O.V. And Background
  • Writing a Character: Questionnaire
  • 10 Days of Character Building
  • Getting to Know Your Characters
  • Character Development Exercises
  • ✑ STYLE


  • How Many Chapters is the Right Amount of Chapters?
  • The Arbitrary Nature of the Chapter
  • How Long is a Chapter?
  • How Long Should Novel Chapters Be?
  • Chapter & Novel Lengths 
  • Section vs. Scene Breaks
  • Dialogue 

  • The Passion of Dialogue
  • 25 Things You Should Know About Dialogue
  • Dialogue Writing Tips
  • Punctuation Dialogue
  • How to Write Believable Dialogue
  • Writing Dialogue: The Music of Speech
  • Writing Scenes with Many Characters
  • It’s Not What They Say
  • Top 10 Tips for Writing Dialogue
  • Speaking of Dialogue
  • Dialogue Tips
  • Interrupted Dialogue
  • Two Tips for Interrupted Dialogue
  • Show, Don’t Tell (Description)

  • “Tell” Makes a Great Placeholder
  • The Literary Merit of the Grilled Cheese Sandwich
  • Bad Creative Writing Advice
  • The Ultimate Guide to Writing Better Than You Normally Do
  • DailyWritingTips: Show, Don’t Tell
  • GrammarGirl: Show, Don’t Tell
  • Writing Style: What Is It?
  • Detail Enhances Your Fiction
  • Using Sensory Details
  • Description in Fiction
  • Using Concrete Detail
  • Depth Through Perception
  • Showing Emotions & Feelings
  • Character Description

  • Describing Your Characters (by inkfish7 on DeviantArt)
  • Help with Character Development
  • Creating Characters that Jump Off the Page
  • Omitting Character Description
  • Introducing Your Character(s): DONT
  • Character Crafting
  • Writer’s Relief Blog: “Character Development In Stories And Novels”
  • Article: How Do You Think Up Your Characters?
  • 5 Character Points You May Be Ignoring
  • List of colors, hair types and hairstyles
  • List of words to use in a character’s description 
  • 200 words to describe hair
  • How to describe hair
  • Words used to describe the state of people’s hair
  • How to describe your haircut
  • Hair color sharts
  • Four Ways to Reveal Backstory
  • Words Used to Describe Clothes
  • Flashbacks

  • Using Flashbacks in Writing
  • Flashbacks by All Write
  • Using Flashback in Fiction
  • Fatal Backstory
  • Flashbacks as opening gambit
  • Don’t Begin at the Beginning
  • Flashbacks in Books
  • TVTropes: Flashback
  • Objects in the Mirror Are Closer Than They Appear: Flashback Techniques in Fiction
  • 3 Tips for Writing Successful Flashbacks
  • The 5 Rules of Writing Effective Flashbacks
  • How to Handle Flashbacks In Writing
  • Flashbacks and Foreshadowing
  • Reddit Forum: Is a flashback in the first chapter a good idea?
  • Forum Discussing Flackbacks
  • P.O.V

  • You, Me, and XE - Points of View
  • What’s Your Point of View?
  • Establishing the Right Point of View: How to Avoid “Stepping Out of Character”
  • How to Start Writing in the Third Person
  • The Opposite Gender P.O.V.

  •  How To Say Said
  • 200 Words Instead of Said
  • Words to Use Instead of Said
  • A List of Words to Use Instead of Said
  • Alternatives to “Walk”
  • 60 Synonyms for “Walk”

  • Grammar Monster
  • Google Scholar
  • GodChecker
  • Tip Of My Tounge
  • Speech Tags
  • Pixar Story Rules
  • Written? Kitten!
  • TED Talks
  • DarkCopy
  • Family Echo
  • Some Words About Word Count
  • How Long Should My Novel Be?
  • The Universal Mary Sue Litmus Test
  • Writer’s “Cheat Sheets”
  • Last but not least, the most helpful tool for any writer out there is <>Google!